Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg; August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was an American comic book artist, writer and editor, widely regarded as one of the medium's major innovators and one of its most prolific and influential creators. In 1940, he and writer-editor Joe Simon created the highly successful superhero character Captain America for Timely Comics, predecessor of Marvel Comics.
In the 1960s with writer-editor Stan Lee, Kirby created many of the company's major characters, including the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Avengers, and the Hulk. The Lee–Kirby titles garnered high sales and critical acclaim, but in 1970, feeling he had been treated unfairly, largely in the realm of authorship credit and creators' rights, Kirby left the company for rival DC.
At DC, Kirby created his Fouth World saga of New Gods which spanned several comics titles. In his later years, Kirby, began receiving great recognition in the mainstream press for his career accomplishments. In 2017, Kirby was posthumously named a Disney Legend with Lee for their co-creations not only in the field of publishing, but also because those creations formed the basis for The Disney Company's financially and critically successful media franchise, the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
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